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Singapore: Market Profile

Picture: Singapore factsheet
Picture: Singapore factsheet

1. Overview

Singapore is a high-income economy. The country provides one of the world’s most business-friendly regulatory environments for local entrepreneurs and is ranked among the world’s most competitive economies.

Source: World Bank

2. Major Economic/Political Events and Upcoming Elections

September 2015
General elections held after the dissolution of parliament in August of the same year by President Tan. The People's Action Party (PAP) took 83 of the 89 available seats. Lee Hsien Loong took up his third term as Prime Minister.

September 2017
After President Tony Tan's term ended in August 2017, elections were scheduled for September. Halimah Yacob was the only eligible candidate by the country's Election Department and, thus, ran unopposed. She was inaugurated as the President of Singapore on September 13. This was the first election in Singapore after the country amended its constitution to create a provision for elections to be reserved for candidates from specific ethnic/racial groups on a rotating basis.

April 2018
Singapore hosted the first of two ASEAN summits within its borders in April 2018.

Source: BBC Country Profile – Timeline, Fitch Solutions Political Risk Analysis
Date last reviewed: August 14, 2018

3. Major Economic Indicators

Graph: Singapore real GDP and inflation
Graph: Singapore real GDP and inflation
Graph: Singapore GDP by sector (2017)
Graph: Singapore GDP by sector (2017)
Graph: Singapore unemployment rate
Graph: Singapore unemployment rate
Graph: Singapore current account balance
Graph: Singapore current account balance

Note: e = estimate, f = forecast
Source: IMF, World Bank
Date last reviewed: August 6, 2018

4. External Trade

4.1 Merchandise Trade

Graph: Singapore merchandise trade
Graph: Singapore merchandise trade

Source: WTO
Date last reviewed: August 6, 2018

Graph: Singapore major export commodities (2017)
Graph: Singapore major export commodities (2017)
Graph: Singapore major export markets (2017)
Graph: Singapore major export markets (2017)
Graph: Singapore major import commodities (2017)
Graph: Singapore major import commodities (2017)
Graph: Singapore major import markets (2017)
Graph: Singapore major import markets (2017)

Source: Trade Map, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: August 14, 2018

4.2 Trade in Services

Graph: Singapore trade in services
Graph: Singapore trade in services

Source: WTO
Date last reviewed: August 14, 2018

5. Trade Policies

  • Singapore has been a member of WTO since January 1 1995.

  • Singapore is generally a free port and open economy and consequently, the average tariff is 0%. More than 99% of all imports into Singapore enter the country duty-free.

  • For social and environmental reasons, Singapore levies high excise taxes on beer, wine and liquor, tobacco products, motor vehicles and petroleum products. Singapore also restricts the import and sale of non-medicinal chewing gum.

  • Barriers to services include sectors such as pay TV; audio-visual and media services; licensing of online news websites; legal services; banking; and cloud computing services for financial institutions.

  • Singapore applies a 7% Goods and Services Tax (GST) on all imports.

  • For dutiable goods, the taxable value for GST is calculated based on the CIF (Cost, Insurance, and Freight) value, plus all duties and other charges. In the case of non-dutiable goods, GST will be based on the CIF value plus any commission and other incidental charges whether or not shown on the invoice. If the goods are dutiable, the GST will be collected simultaneously with the duties. Special provisions pertain to goods stored in licensed warehouses and free trade zones.

  • Companies must make an inward declaration for all goods imported into Singapore. All imports require an import permit although this is largely a statistical requirement for most goods.

  • The import of trade samples that is below USD275 is not subject to payment of duty and/or VAT. In addition, no permit is required for their import. Bona fide trade samples (excluding liquors and tobacco) may be imported for the following purposes: solely for the purpose of soliciting orders for goods to be supplied from abroad; for demonstration in Singapore to enable manufacturers in Singapore to produce such articles to fulfil orders from abroad or by a manufacturer for the purpose of copying; and for testing or experimenting before producing such articles in Singapore.

  • Labels are required on imported food, drugs, liquors, paints and solvents and must specify the country of origin. A food label should contain core information such as the prescribed food name, list of ingredients, mandatory warning, advisory statements or allergens declarations, net weight or volume, date mark, nutritional information panel, instructions for use or storage, country of origin, the name and address of the business and manufacturer and importer. Repackaged foods must be labelled to show (in English) the appropriate designation of food content printed in capital letters at least 1/16 inch; whether foods are compounded, mixed or blended; the minimum quantity stated in metric net weight or measure; the name and address of the manufacturer or seller; and the country of origin. Illustrations must accurately describe the true nature or origin of the food. Foods having defined standards must be labelled to conform to those standards and be free from added foreign substances. Packages of food described as 'enriched', 'fortified', 'vitaminised' or in any other way that implies that the article contains added vitamins or minerals must show the quantity of vitamins or minerals added per metric unit.

  • There are two levels of labelling requirements for medicinal products. Administrative labelling requirements are not statutory requirements and are specified in the Health Sciences Authority’s Guidance on Medicinal Product Registration in Singapore. Compliance is checked during the product registration process, prior to granting of marketing approval. For legal labelling requirements, these are stipulated in the legislation related to medicinal products regulation in Singapore and are subject to the Health Sciences Authority’s surveillance program. The labelling requirements include the name of the active ingredient, quantitative particulars, product license number and name and address of the dealer. Labelling and advertising legislation also applies to the sale of vitamins and dietary supplements. Generally, labelling laws require that: 1) the composition of the products is disclosed in English, 2) labels/packaging materials not contain any references to diseases/conditions as specified in the schedule to the Medicines (Advertisement and Sale) Act; and 3) the advertising/sale promotion of the product in the public media be approved by the Health Sciences Authority.

  • The 'SAFETY Mark' is intended for selected electrical and electronic products as well as gas appliances which are sold to consumers for use in Singapore households. The 'SAFETY Mark' helps consumers to identify registered Controlled Goods. All registered Controlled Goods must be tested to specific international and national safety standards and certified safe by designated product certification bodies. The products are individually marked with the 'SAFETY Mark' either on the product or the packaging. The 'SAFETY Mark' is unique and traceable to the registrant and the registered models.

  • The 'ACCURACY Label' covers weighing and measuring instruments intended for trade use. In Singapore, all weighing and measuring instruments used for trade purposes (like price computing scales in supermarkets, baggage weighing machines at airports and seaports as well as fuel dispensers at petrol stations) are regulated under the Singapore Weights and Measures Act and Regulations. Before an ACCURACY Label can be affixed on the instrument, it will first need to be pattern registered with SPRING (The Standards, Productivity and Innovation Board). Thereafter, every individual weighing or measuring instrument will need to be verified fit for trade use and affixed with a tamper-proof seal and the ACCURACY Label by SPRING-appointed Authorised Verifiers.

Source: WTO – Trade Policy Review, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

6. Trade Agreements

6.1 Trade Updates

Singapore is a member of a number of FTAs, which create a legally binding agreement between two or more countries to reduce or eliminate barriers to trade. The country first signed an FTA under the ASEAN Free Trade Area in 1992, and has since expanded its network to cover 20 regional and bilateral FTAs with 31 trading partners.

Singapore is a member of WTO (Effective date: 1995).

6.2 Multinational Trade Agreements

Active

  1. Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN): In addition to Singapore, members include Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. From 2015, almost all tariffs between member states have been removed in the ASEAN Free Trade Area. The rewards of lower tariffs within the area have been seen, with regional trade booming, especially as approximately five member states are significant trading partners of Singapore. The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) which is currently under negotiation will also serve to strengthen regional economic ties and improve trade volumes in Singapore. The AEC creates new opportunities and makes the investment case for business in South East Asia more compelling. However, it will also bring with it unprecedented levels of competition.

  2. Japan and the Republic of Singapore for a New-Age Economic Partnership Agreement (JSEPA): The agreement has brought substantive benefits to Japan and Singapore by laying a solid foundation for former economic linkages and integration between the two countries. Under the existing JSEPA, Japan increased its zero-tariff commitments from 34% of total tariff lines under WTO to 77%. JSEPA also liberalised trade in services significantly, expanding its commitments from 103 services sectors under WTO to 135. This will be of benefit to businesses due to the high trade volumes between the two countries and potential for businesses to explore new markets in the region. The scope of the JSEPA can be categorised into mainly three areas: trade liberalisation and market access through concessions for trade in goods and services; enhanced cooperation for non-trade areas; and institutional arrangements centred on a dispute settlement mechanism. Singapore also benefits from the ASEAN-Japan Comprehension Economic Partnership (AJCEP).

  3. China-Singapore FTA: The China-Singapore FTA further enhances economic cooperation between the two nations as the free trade accord facilitates productive competition. It also contributes to the economic integration of East Asia and the Asia-Pacific region. Under this Agreement, the two countries accelerate the liberalisation of trade in goods on the basis of the Agreement on Trade in Goods of the China-ASEAN FTA and further liberalise the trade in services.

  4. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): The RCEP is a proposed FTA between the 10 member states of the ASEAN and the six states with which the ASEAN has existing FTAs, namely Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. This agreement is expected to speed up the economic integration of the states involved and increase Singaporean exports' competitiveness in the global market.

  5. Singapore-European Union (EU) Free Trade Agreement: The EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement aims to eliminate duties for industrial and agricultural goods in a progressive, step-by-step approach. The agreement also creates new opportunities for market access in services and investments and includes provisions in areas such as competition policy, government procurement, intellectual property rights, transparency in regulation and sustainable development. The EU and Singapore are important trading partners and this is further reflected in the trade volumes between ASEAN and the EU.

  6. US-Singapore Free Trade Agreement and Economic Integration Agreement: Under the FTA, firms in Singapore benefit from reduced trade barriers and a large market with a high propensity for consumption of manufactured goods. Mutual trade between the two countries is high.

Under Negotiation

  1. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): The RCEP is a proposed FTA between the 10 member states of the ASEAN and the six states with which the ASEAN has existing FTAs, namely Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. This agreement is expected to speed up the economic integration of the states involved and increase Singaporean exports' competitiveness in the global market.

  2. Singapore-European Union (EU) Free Trade Agreement: The EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement aims to eliminate duties for industrial and agricultural goods in a progressive, step-by-step approach. The agreement also creates new opportunities for market access in services and investments and includes provisions in areas such as competition policy, government procurement, intellectual property rights, transparency in regulation and sustainable development. The EU and Singapore are important trading partners and this is further reflected in the trade volumes between ASEAN and the EU.

Signed But Not Yet in Effect

The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP): The CPTPP consists of Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam. It is a deal involving 11 economies worth about USD28 trillion, and it aims to cut tariffs, improve access to markets and set common ground on labour and environmental standards and intellectual property protections.

Note: Only major FTAs cited
Source: WTO Regional Trade Agreements database, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

7. Investment Policy

7.1 Foreign Direct Investment

Graph: Singapore FDI stock
Graph: Singapore FDI stock
Graph: Singapore FDI flow
Graph: Singapore FDI flow

Source: UNCTAD
Date last reviewed: August 6, 2018

7.2 Foreign Direct Investment Policy

  1. Government bodies that are responsible for FDI promotion, licencing and regulations - The Economic Development Board (EDB), established in 1961.

  2. The Productivity and Innovation Credit (PIC) scheme allows business to enjoy 400% tax deductions (up to SGD400,000) or 60% cash pay-out (up to SGD100,000) for investments in innovation and productivity improvements, with a particular emphasis on assisting small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that have been hardest hit by the ongoing labour tightening measures. The PIC scheme has been extended to run for 2018 as well.

  3. The country’s Intellectual Property (IP) Regime encourages the exploitation of IP arising from research & development activities of the taxpayer: for example, the government is aiming to introduce extensions to previous tax exemptions for both research & development, as well as the acquisition of intellectual property (IP) rights.

  4. Foreign and local firms in Singapore have equal access to the free trade zone (FTZ) facilities. Singapore has eight FTZs - six for seaborne cargo and two for airfreight.

  5. The media sector is also partially restricted from foreign investment (foreign ownership may not exceed 49%).

  6. Foreigners in Singapore face restrictions in the real estate market and are not allowed to acquire all the apartments within a building or all the units in an approved condominium apartment without prior approval. For landed homes (houses) and vacant residential land, prior approval is required. In December 2011, the GOS enacted an additional effective 10% tax on foreigners who purchase homes in Singapore. In January 2013, GOS further raised the Additional Buyer's Stamp Duty to 15%.

  7. There are no restrictions on foreign ownership of industrial and commercial real estate.

  8. Since January 2005, qualifying full banks licensed by the government have been able to open a maximum of 25 locations. Non-resident banks in the retail banking sector are not afforded national treatment. Although the government has removed a 40% ceiling on foreign ownership of local banks, it has stated that it will not approve the foreign acquisition of any local bank.

  9. All businesses (local and foreign) must be registered with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority. The government screens investment proposals to check if they qualify for incentive packages.

Source: WTO – Trade Policy Review, The International Trade Administration (ITA), US Department of Commerce, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

7.3 Free Trade Zones and Investment Incentives

Free Trade Zone/Incentive ProgrammeMain Incentives Available
Free trade zones: Brani Terminal, Keppel Distripark, Pasir Panjang Terminal, Sembawang Wharves, Tanjong Pagar Terminal, Keppel Terminal, Jurong Port, Airport Logistics Park of Singapore and the Changi Airport Cargo Terminal Complex– VAT is suspended for imported goods deposited in a FTZ, and will only be payable upon removal from the FTZ for local consumption.

– VAT is not payable on supply made in FTZ if the goods supplied are meant for transhipment or re-export.

– The FTZs at the port facilitate various trade activities and promote the handling of transhipment cargo. They offer free 72-hour storage for import/export of conventional and containerised cargo and 140-day free storage for transhipment/re-export cargo.

– The Land Intensification Allowance (LIA) provides an initial tax allowance of 25% and annual tax allowance of 5% on qualifying capital expenditure incurred for the construction or renovation/extension of a qualifying building or structure. This allowance is available to businesses in industry sectors which have large land takes and low Gross Plot ratios.                                                                                   

– Customs procedures for movement of goods within FTZs have been simplified, and paperwork reduced.

– A pioneer enterprise is exempt from income tax on its qualifying profits for a period of up to 15 years.

– The Development and Expansion Incentive (DEI) is available to companies that engage in high value-added operations in Singapore, but do not qualify for pioneer incentive status, and to companies whose pioneer incentive DEI companies enjoy a concessionary tax rate of not less than 5% on their incremental income derived from the performance of qualifying activities. The maximum initial relief period is 10 years, with possible extensions not exceeding five years at a time, subject to a maximum total incentive period of 20 years.
Tax incentivesTax incentives are administered by various government agencies, including the Economic Development Board, International Enterprise Singapore, the Monetary Authority of Singapore and the Maritime Port Authority of Singapore. The broad categories of activities that could qualify for tax concessions include manufacturing, services, trade and finance. Various activities in these sectors are also eligible for a wide range of incentives, such as: tax holidays, exemptions and reductions, and investment allowances on fixed assets.
The Regional Headquarters Award and International Headquarters AwardProvide a reduced corporate tax rate on incremental income from qualifying activities. Applicants are required to submit plans for substantive regional or global headquarters activities to be carried out in Singapore, including proposed commitments in incremental business spending and creation of professional employment. The Headquarters Programme is applicable to entities incorporated or registered in Singapore, which provide corporate support and headquarters-related services and business expertise on a regional or global basis. In order to qualify, the business must meet specific criteria. The applicant should be, or belong to a group that is, well established in its respective business sector or industry and has attained a critical size in terms of equity, assets, employees and business share. The personnel employed by the applicant for its headquarters operations should be based in Singapore, and would include management, professionals, technical personnel and other supporting staff. The applicant should be the nerve centre in terms of organisation reporting structure at senior management levels for its principal activities with clear-cut management and control for the activities. The applicant should have a substantial level of headquarters activities in Singapore that can include: strategic Business Planning and Development, general management and administration, marketing control, planning and brand management, intellectual property management, corporate finance advisory services, investment services, and research and development services.
The Integrated Investment Allowance (IIA)Provides an allowance based on the percentage of approved fixed capital expenditure to be incurred on productive equipment that is placed outside of Singapore for an approved project. This allowance is granted on top of the normal capital allowance.
The Mergers and Acquisition SchemeProvides an allowance of 5% of the value of acquisition, subject to a maximum of USD5mn for each year of assessment. It also provides deductibility of transaction costs and stamp duty relief. EDB's approval is required for the waiver of the condition that the ultimate holding company for the group must be incorporated and tax resident in Singapore.
The Pioneer IncentiveProvides a corporate tax exemption on income from qualifying activities. Applicants are required to submit plans for new, substantive economic contributions, which must include commitments in significant incremental capital expenditure, business spending and skilled jobs in Singapore, as well as anchoring leading-edge technology, skills or activities in Singapore. Factors of consideration also include the significance of the proposed investment to the development of the industries in Singapore, contributions to the growth of research and development and innovation capabilities, as well as potential spin-off to the rest of the economy.
The Finance and Treasury Centre Tax IncentiveProvides a reduced corporate tax rate on fees, interest, dividends and gains from qualifying services and activities. It also provides a withholding tax exemption on interest payments on loans from banks and approved network companies for FTC activities.
The Venture Capital Funds IncentiveAims to encourage a thriving venture capital industry in Singapore. Gains derived from the disposal of approved investments, interest from approved convertible loan stocks and dividends derived from approved investments are exempt from tax or taxed at a concessionary rate of not more than 10% for a period of up to 10 years. Extension periods of up to five years each may be available, but the maximum total incentive period is 15 years.

Source: US Department of Commerce, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

8. Taxation – 2018

  • Value Added Tax: 7%
  • Corporate Income Tax: 17%

Source: PwC Tax Summaries 2018
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

8.1 Important Updates to Taxation Information

The 2018 Budget was announced on February 19, 2018. Corporate tax changes include the enhancement of the tax rebate for year of assessment 2018 (income year 2017) to 40% of tax payable, capped at SGD15,000, and extension of the rebate to year of assessment 2019 at 20% of tax payable, capped at SGD10,000.

Introduction of a new carbon tax (in 2019) and the restructuring of the tax and fees on water and diesel use.

8.2 Business Taxes

Type of TaxTax Rate and Base
Corporate Income Tax17% on operating profits
Royalties (non-resident companies)Withholding tax of 10%
Interest (non-resident companies)Withholding tax of 15%
Value Added Tax7% on value of the products, some products are zero-rated
Social security contributionsStatutory rate of the employee's contribution is 20%; employer's contribution is 17% on taxable earnings

9. Foreign Worker Requirements

9.1 Employment Pass (EP)

Applicable to foreign individual employed as managers, executives, and skilled professionals. Valid for two years, and may be renewed thereafter for up to three years at a time. Generally applicable to individuals with a minimum monthly salary of SGD6,000 (as of January 1, 2018). Applicants may also apply for a pass for their dependents – such as spouses and unmarried children under the age of 21. The EP must be applied for by the employer on behalf of the individual. The average time needed to obtain an EP is five weeks and falls under the auspices of the Ministry of Manpower.

9.2 S Pass

Identical to the EP, but is applicable to individuals with a minimum monthly income of SGD2,200 (and maximum SGD6,000). The average time needed to obtain a SP is three weeks and falls under the auspices of the Ministry of Manpower (MoM).

Documentation needed for EP and S Pass:

  • Personal particulars page of the applicant’s passport
  • Company’s latest business profile or instant information registered with Singapore’s Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA)
  • Details of the applicant’s academic certificates

Applicants from India and China are required to furnish additional documents:

  • Indian applicants – transcripts and mark sheets
  • Chinese applicants – certificate of graduation and verification proof in English from sources recommended by the MoM

9.3 Personalised Employment Pass (PEP)

Applicable to high-earning individuals and who already have an EP or is an overseas foreign professional. The minimum monthly income for an applicant already in possession of an EP is SGD12,000, whereas foreign professionals require a minimum monthly income of SGD18,000 to qualify. The PEP allows holders to switch jobs without the need for reapplication for a pass, and permits the individual to stay in Singapore for an additional six months before securing their next job. The PEP is only valid for three years. After the three years, the individual needs to obtain either an EP or S Pass. The process to obtain a PEP takes roughly eight weeks and falls under the auspices of the Ministry of Manpower.

9.4 Entrepreneur Pass (EntrePass)

Applicable to foreign individuals who wish to start a business in Singapore. The pass is valid for two years. The applicant may apply for it themselves. The EntrePass may be renewed if the applicant's company: obtains funding from an accredited source; holds intellectual property (registered with a recognised IP institution); does research with a recognised institution; or is being incubated by a government-supported incubation programme. The following businesses are not covered by the EntrePass: coffee shops, hawker centres, food courts, bars, night clubs, karaoke lounges, massage parlours, and employment agencies.

Documents required:

  • Copy of the personal particulars page of the applicant’s passport
  • Past employment testimonials in English
  • A business plan in English

9.5 Work Permit

Applies to semi-skilled jobs in manufacturing and construction, as well as jobs in the services sector. A Work Permit is valid for up to two years and is only applicable to companies which: pay a levy and security bond, meet the quota criteria, and provide the applicant with healthcare. Work Permits do not allow for dependents and take up to seven working days to be processed.

9.6 Training Employment Pass (TEP)

Valid for three months and applicable to individuals undergoing practical training for jobs of a professional, managerial, executive, or specialist nature in Singapore. The applicant must also earn a minimum of SGD3,000 a month. The TEP is not renewable.

9.7 Training Work Permit (TWP)

Applicable to unskilled or semi-skilled foreign trainees or students on practical training in Singapore for up to 6 months. Students are subject to a levy. An employer may only have 5% of its total workforce or 15 employees (whichever comes first) working under TWP regulations.

Source: Government websites, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

10. Risks

10.1 Sovereign Credit Ratings


Rating (Outlook)Rating Date
Moody'sAaa (Stable)08/12/2016
Standard & Poor'sAAA (Stable)06/03/1995
Fitch RatingsAAA (Stable)19/09/2017

Source: Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Fitch Ratings

10.2 Competitiveness and Efficiency Indicators


World Ranking
201620172018
Ease of Doing Business Index
3/1902/1902/190
Ease of Paying Taxes Index
10/1897/1907/190
Logistics Performance Index
5/160N/A7/160
Corruption Perception Index
7/1766/180N/A
IMD World Competitiveness4/633/633/63

Source: World Bank, IMD, Transparency International

10.3 Fitch Solutions Risk Indices


World ranking
201620172018
Economic Risk Index
30/202
Short-Term Economic Risk Score7473.372.7
Long-Term Economic Risk Score74.572.572.6
Political Risk Index
28/202
Short-Term Political Risk Score94.894.894.8
Long-Term Political Risk Score80.680.281.1
Operational Risk Index1/2012/2011/201
Operational Risk Score81.581.583

Source: Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

10.4 Fitch Solutions Risk Summary

ECONOMIC RISK
Singapore's strong fundamentals suggest that the city-state will remain a top choice for investment due to its business friendly environment. Key supporting factors will be the government's sound economic policy, a highly skilled workforce, a superior business environment and financial services industry as well as the city-state's strategic location in Asia. Key constraints include the economy's reliance on the external sector and Singapore's ageing demographic profile.

OPERATIONAL RISK
Singapore is the most appealing destination for investment in the world. This is largely because the government has successfully developed the city-state into a major global hub for trade, investment and finance by providing a highly productive workforce, a stable and secure operating environment, world-class logistics connections, and an open economy with policies that are highly conducive to foreign direct investment. There are limited risks facing businesses located in Singapore, with the main concerns stemming from increasing restrictions on the employment of foreign nationals, moderate cybercrime risks and significant exposure to economic headwinds.

Source: Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

10.5 Fitch Solutions Political & Economic Risk Indices

Graph: Singapore short term political risk index
Graph: Singapore short term political risk index
Graph: Singapore long term political risk index
Graph: Singapore long term political risk index
Graph: Singapore short term economic risk index
Graph: Singapore short term economic risk index
Graph: Singapore long term economic risk index
Graph: Singapore long term economic risk index

Note: 100 = Lowest risk, 0 = Highest risk
Source: Fitch Solutions Economic and Political Risk Indices
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

10.6 Fitch Solutions Operational Risk Index


Operational RiskLabour Market RiskTrade and Investment RiskLogistics RiskCrime and Security Risk
Singapore score83.077.889.9
74.789.7
East and Southeast Asia average55.356.555.754.454.4
East and Southeast Asia position (out of 18)1.01.01.05.01.0
Asia average48.950.647.747.150.1
Asia position (out of 35)1.01.01.05.01.0
Global average49.749.850.0
49.349.9
Global Position (out of 201)1.02.01.021.04.0

Note: 100 = Lowest risk, 0 = Highest risk
Source: Fitch Solutions Operational Risk Index

Graph: Singapore vs global and regional averages
Graph: Singapore vs global and regional averages
Country
Operational Risk
Labour Market RiskTrade and Investment RiskLogistics RiskCrime and Security Risk
Singapore83.077.8
89.9
74.7
89.7
Hong Kong81.371.2
88.5
75.9
89.5
Taiwan74.466.4
74.3
77.9
79.2
South Korea70.663.5
67.5
78.1
73.1
Malaysia67.861.6
73.5
75.4
60.5
Macau62.464.2
66.9
50.5
68.0
Brunei60.962.8
57.2
53.0
70.6
Thailand58.856.7
65.2
68.2
45.2
China56.653.9
52.2
65.8
54.4
Vietnam53.452.6
55.5
54.5
51.3
Indonesia52.851.5
53.9
57.6
48.4
Mongolia51.657.8
52.4
41.9
54.1
Philippines43.651.3
47.3
44.6
31.3
Cambodia42.546.7
46.0
37.9
39.5
Laos38.744.2
38.0
36.0
36.7
North Korea32.649.6
20.3
29.6
30.8
Myanmar32.045.5
28.2
29.5
24.9
Timor-Leste31.940.5
26.6
28.0
32.5
Regional Averages55.356.555.754.454.4
Emerging Markets Averages46.84847.545.8
46
Global Markets Averages49.749.850
49.3
49.9

Note: 100 = Lowest risk, 0 = Highest risk
Source: Fitch Solutions Operational Risk Index
Date last reviewed: August 15, 2018

11. Hong Kong Connection

11.1 Hong Kong’s Trade with Singapore

Graph: Major export commodities to Singapore (2017)
Graph: Major export commodities to Singapore (2017)
Graph: Major import commodities from Singapore (2017)
Graph: Major import commodities from Singapore (2017)
Graph: Merchandise exports to Singapore
Graph: Merchandise exports to Singapore
Graph: Merchandise imports from Singapore
Graph: Merchandise imports from Singapore

Official Exchange Rate HK$/US$, average
7.76 (2012)
7.76 (2013)
7.75 (2014)
7.75 (2015)
7.76 (2016)
7.79 (2017)
Source: Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department, Fitch Solutions


2017
Growth rate (%)
Number of Singapore residents visiting Hong Kong627,612-6.9
Number of Singaporeans residing in Hong Kong10,033N/A

Source: Hong Kong Tourism Board, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs – Population Division


2017
Growth rate (%)
Number of Asia Pacific residents visiting Hong Kong54,482,5383.5
Number of East Asians and South Asians residing in Hong Kong2,784,8701.6

Source: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs – Population Division, Fitch Solutions

11.2 Commercial Presence in Hong Kong


2017
Growth rate (%)
Number of Singaporian companies in Hong Kong4087.8
- Regional headquarters4512.5
- Regional offices1063.9
- Local offices2577.1

Source: Hong Kong Census & Statistics Department

11.3 Treaties and agreements between Hong Kong/PRC and Singapore

  • Singapore has a Bilateral Investment Treaty with China which entered into force on February 7, 1986
  • Singapore has double taxation agreements (DTA) with China (mainland) and concluded a DTA with Hong Kong on November 19, 2004
  • Being a member of ASEAN, Singapore is part of the ASEAN-Hong Kong Free Trade Agreement signed on November 12, 2017

Source: IRD, Fitch Solutions

11.4 Chamber of Commerce (or Related Organisations) in Hong Kong

Singapore Chamber of Commerce (Hong Kong)

Initiated by a group of Singaporean businessmen in Hong Kong, the Singapore Chamber of Commerce (Hong Kong) was incorporated in Hong Kong in September 1995 with the support of the Singapore Consulate-General, the then Singapore Trade Development Board, the Singapore Economic Development Board and the Singapore Tourism Board.

Address: Unit 702, 7/F, China Hong Kong Tower, 8-12 Hennessy Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong
Email: scc@scchk.com.hk
Tel: (852) 2838 3733
Fax: (852) 2838 3390

Source: www.scchk.com

Consulate-General of the Republic of Singapore in Hong Kong

Address: Unit 901, 9/F, Admiralty Centre Tower I, 18 Harcourt Road, Hong Kong
Email: singcg_hkg@mfa.sg
Hours of Business: Monday to Friday, 9:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m., 2:00 p.m. - 5:30 p.m.
Tel: (852) 2527 2212
Fax: (852) 2866 1239

Source: www.mfa.gov.sg

11.5 Visa Requirements for Hong Kong Residents

Hong Kong SAR passport holders have been granted visa-free or visa-on-arrival for Singapore. This visa-free arrangement is valid for 30 days from entering into the country.

Source: Visa on Demand

Content provided by Picture: Fitch Solutions – BMI Research
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